Palm oil’s potential to alleviate poverty depends on where it’s grown. Expansion of oil palm production in remote forest areas requires careful planning and evaluation if the communities are to benefit, according to a new report. Their findings show that unsustainable livelihoods, socioeconomic inequality and environmental issues remain major challenges in the oil palm industry.
Clearcutting of primary forest by loggers and cattle ranchers in Brazil dominated the destruction, including invasions into indigenous lands where uncontacted tribes live. Losses were also high in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Indonesia. Indonesia is the only major country where government protections appear to be significantly reducing the losses.
The IPCC suggests that boosting the total area of the world’s forests, woodlands and woody savannahs could store around one-quarter of the atmospheric carbon necessary to limit global warming to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels. In the near term, this means adding up to 24 million hectares (Mha) of forest every year from now until 2030.
Derek Chambers, a Paris-based trader in ‘semi-retirement’ delivered a passionate speech to the Cocoa Merchants Association of America conference calling on the industry to revaluate its stance on sustainability and end duplication.
Oil palm has provided producing countries with economic benefits, such as additional foreign exchange revenue, but there are also important indirect benefits, such as local infrastructure development, rural poverty reduction and other multiplier effects. However, these benefits have been overshadowed by the global controversy over palm oil, aimed primarily at the two major producers, Indonesia and Malaysia.
Analisis Situasi ini terutamanya fokus kepada kelapa sawit dalam konteks konservasi keanekaragaman hayati berdasarkan literatur yang diterbitkan sebelum 31 Januari 2018, dan bertujuan untuk menyediakan jalur konstruktif untuk mengatasi tantangan keberlanjutan di dalam industri minyak kelapa sawit. Laporan ini tidak menilai implikasi sosial dan ekonomi dari adanya produksi dan perluasan lahan minyak kelapa sawit tetapi akan mengacu kepadanya jika ada potensi berdampak terhadap konservasi keanekaragaman hayati. Melalui identifikasi kesenjangan pengetahuan yang utama, Analisis Situasi ini akan juga memberikan arah kepada Satuan Tugas Kelapa Sawit dalam rangka menjawab kesenjangan pengetahuan ini di sisa quadrennium 2017-2020.
In an eagerly-awaited decision, the European Commission last week categorised palm oil as a high-emitting biofuel crop but provided some controversial exemptions for smallholders and spared soybeans from the delegated act’s provisions.
Speed – the new systems aim to make the process almost “real time”, although in practice that typically means at least five days. Companies say that allows them to make swift decisions – sometimes cutting ties with suppliers – based on the data.