RBE | Export agriculture and regional development: evidence from Indonesia

RBE | Export agriculture and regional development: evidence from Indonesia

The median expansion led to 2.7 percentage points faster poverty reduction and 4 percent faster consumption growth. Results can be explained by rising returns to labor and land, and indirect effects through investment, fiscal linkages, and public goods. Each percentage point of palm-driven poverty reduction corresponds to a 1.5–3 percentage point loss of forest area.

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